STANDARD SOLUTIONS OF ACIDS, BASES, AND SALTS

For each compound listed, the last column of this table gives the mass in grams which is contained in 1 liter of a solution whose amount-of-substance concentration divided by the equivalence factor of the compound equals 0.1 mol/L. In the older literature such a solution is often referred to as a “decinormal solution” (0.1 N).
REFERENCE
Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature (IUPAC), Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1978.
Name Formula Atomic or Molecular Weight Equivalence Factor Mass in Grams
Acetic acid HC2H3O2 60.053 1 6.0053
Ammonia NH3 17.0306 1 1.7031
Ammonium ion NH4 + 18.0386 1 1.8039
Ammonium chloride NH4Cl 53.4916 1 5.3492
Ammonium sulfate (NH4)2SO4 132.1388 1/2 6.6069
Ammonium thiocyanate NH4CNS 76.1204 1 7.612
Barium Ba 137.34 1/2 6.867
Barium carbonate BaCO3 197.3494 1/2 9.8675
Barium chloride hydrate BaCl2 · 2H2O 244.2767 1/2 12.2138
Barium hydroxide Ba(OH)2 171.3547 1/2 8.5677
Barium oxide BaO 153.3394 1/2 7.667
Bromine Br 79.909 1 7.9909
Calcium Ca 40.08 1/2 2.004
Calcium carbonate CaCO3 100.0894 1/2 5.0045
Calcium chloride CaCl2 110.986 1/2 5.5493
Calcium chloride hydrate CaCl2 · 6H2O 219.015 1/2 10.9508
Calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 74.0947 1/2 3.7047
Calcium oxide CaO 56.0794 1/2 2.804
Chlorine Cl 35.453 1 3.5453
Citric acid C6H8O7 · H2O 210.1418 1/3 7.0047
Cobalt Co 58.9332 1/2 2.9466
Copper Cu 63.54 1/2 3.177
Copper oxide (cupric) CuO 79.5394 1/2 3.977
Copper sulfate hydrate CuSO4 · 5H2O 249.6783 1/2 12.4839
Hydrochloric acid HCl 36.461 1 3.6461
Hydrocyanic acid HCN 27.0258 1 2.7026
Iodine I 126.9044 1 12.6904
Lactic acid C3H6O3 90.0795 1 9.008
Malic acid C4H6O5 134.0894 1/2 6.7045
Magnesium Mg 24.312 1/2 1.2156
Magnesium carbonate MgCO3 84.3214 1/2 4.2161
Magnesium chloride MgCl2 95.218 1/2 4.7609
Magnesium chloride hydrate MgCl2 · 6H2O 203.237 1/2 10.1623
Magnesium oxide MgO 40.3114 1/2 2.0156
Manganese Mn 54.938 1/2 2.7469
Manganese sulfate MnSO4 150.9996 1/2 7.55
Mercuric chloride HgCl2 271.496 1/2 13.5748
Nickel Ni 58.71 1/2 2.9356
Nitric acid HNO3 63.0129 1 6.3013
Oxalic acid H2C2O4 90.0358 1/2 4.5018
Oxalic acid hydrate H2C2O4 · 2H2O 126.0665 1/2 6.3033
Oxalic acid anhydride C2O3 72.0205 1/2 3.601
Phosphoric acid H3PO4 97.9953 1/3 3.2665
Potassium K 39.102 1 3.9102
Potassium bicarbonate KHCO3 100.1193 1 10.0119
Potassium carbonate K2CO3 138.2134 1/2 6.9106
Potassium chloride KCl 74.555 1 7.4555
Potassium cyanide KCN 65.1199 1 6.512
Potassium hydroxide KOH 56.1094 1 5.6109
Potassium oxide K2O 94.2034 1/2 4.7102
Potassium tartrate K2H4C4O6 226.2769 1/2 11.3139
Silver Ag 107.87 1 10.787
Silver nitrate AgNO3 169.8749 1 16.9875
Sodium Na 22.9898 1 2.299
Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3 84.0071 1 8.4007
Sodium carbonate Na2CO3 105.989 1/2 5.2995
Sodium chloride NaCl 58.4428 1 5.8443
Sodium hydroxide NaOH 39.9972 1 3.9997
Sodium oxide Na2O 61.979 1/2 3.099
Sodium sulfide Na2S 78.0436 1/2 3.9022
Succinic acid H2C4H4O4 118.09 1/2 5.9045
Sulfuric acid H2SO4 98.0775 1/2 4.9039
Tartaric acid C4H6O6 150.0888 1/2 7.5044
Zinc Zn 65.37 1/2 3.269
Zinc sulfate hydrate ZnSO4 · 7H2O 287.539 1/2 14.3769